Low cost, green absorbents and their role in wastewater treatment
The reclamation for recycled water has fast gained into prominence mainly on account of the demand for fresh water and rising health concerns on the adverse effect of increasing pollutant contamination. The adsorption technology is considered ideal in the treatment of wastewaters on account of its non-specificity towards the pollutant irrespective of their diverse nature. No doubt the technology has distinct advantages over other technologies in respect of its environmental friendliness. But high costs of the commercial activated carbons are a major deterrent to their widespread use. In this respect low cost activated carbons can be prepared from a timber[...]Read More
Industry 4.0 − the catalyst for our so needed EU growth?
By Elodie Bugnicourt (Ph.D.) and David F. Nettleton (Ph.D.) The world has gone through 3 well re-known industrial revolutions linked respectively to steam machine appearance in the 19th century, mass production at the beginning of the last century culminating with the Ford model for work division, the use of electronics to programme manufacturing machines in the 70’s and now we are seeing the rise of the 4th industrial revolution. In a recent blog article, we discussed some technical aspects related to this change of paradigm in the industry based on cyber physical systems, artificial intelligence based modeling tools, internet of[...]Read More
Industry 4.0 – Opportunities and Challenges of Cyber-Physical System
By David F. Nettleton (Ph.D.) and Elodie Bugnicourt (Ph.D.) Industry 4.0 refers to an industrial revolution based on cyber-physical systems, in order to evolve towards "smart factories" which have a modular structure, and in which cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes by creating a virtual copy of the physical world thus facilitating decentralized decision making. Also, the Internet of Things will enable cyber-physical systems to communicate and cooperate with each other and with humans in real time. The drive towards Industry 4.0 has been defined as highly strategic by the European Union [1,2]. In the context of data analytics and modeling,[...]Read More
Mapping out research and predicting future innovation!
By Elodie Bugnicourt (Ph.D.) and David F. Nettleton (Ph.D.) In our last blog post, we saw how the data mining of past research studies can be used to define emerging scientific areas and shape certain funding policies. Let’s focus now on how it can help in identifying future innovations. Based on 43 million of scientific papers, Boyak and Klavans generated a map of research and its interconnections using the OpenOrd algorithm, with the specific aim of supporting the identification of the respective trends in the different areas of science (fig. 1). [OpenOrd is a state of the art algorithm, developed at[...]Read More
Grape pomace: Nature´s cheap solution to water pollution problems
Commercial activated carbons, produced from non-renewable coal, petroleum residues and from plant by-products like wood and coconut shells, are used to clean up wastewaters via the removal and recovery of chemical pollutants. The technology of adsorbing the pollutants works when the high surface area, porous and chemically active surfaces of the activated carbons come into contact with the pollutant molecules in aqueous medium. In this context, it is worth mentioning that the grape pomace generated as a waste by-product from the wineries is an interesting and inexpensive medium for the development of activated carbons. Constituting about 20% of the input[...]Read More